Parental perspective on important health outcomes of extremely preterm infants

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2022 Sep;107(5):495-500. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2021-322711. Epub 2021 Nov 23.


Background and objective: Neonatal outcome research and clinical follow-up principally focus on neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) after extremely preterm birth, as defined by the scientific community, without parental input. This survey aimed to investigate parental perspectives about the health and development of their preterm children.

Methods: Parents of children aged 18 months to 7 years born <29 weeks' gestational age presenting at a neonatal follow-up clinic over a 1-year period were asked to evaluate their children's health and development. They were also asked the following question: 'if you could improve two things about your child, what would they be?' Responses were analysed using mixed methods. Logistic regressions were done to compare parental responses.

Results: 248 parents of 213 children (mean gestational age 26.6±1.6 weeks, 20% with severe NDI) were recruited. Parents evaluated their children's health at a median of 9/10. Parental priorities for health improvements were (1) development, mainly behaviour, emotional health and language/communication (55%); (2) respiratory heath and overall medical fragility (25%); and (3) feeding/growth issues (14%). Nineteen per cent explicitly mentioned 'no improvements'. Parents were more likely to state 'no improvements' if child had no versus severe NDI OR 4.33 (95% CI 1.47 to 12.75)) or if parents had no versus at least a high school diploma (OR 4.01 (95% 1.99 to 8.10)).

Conclusions: Parents evaluate the health of their preterm children as being very good, with positive perspectives. Parental concerns outside the developmental sphere should also be addressed both in clinical follow-up and research.

Keywords: child development; ethics; neonatology; paediatrics.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Extremely Premature* / physiology
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Parents / psychology
  • Premature Birth*