Glioma is the most common malignant primary brain tumour. It is of great significance for the prognosis and personalized treatment of glioma patients to accurate identification of glioma based on biomarkers. Pyroptosis, a kind of programmed cell death, is closely related to tumour progression and tumour immune microenvironment. However, the role of pyroptosis in glioma remained unclear. Herein, we used glioma clinical and expression data from TCGA and CGGA to explore the relationship between pyroptosis and glioma. We first summarized the incidence of copy number variations and somatic mutations of 33 pyroptosis-related genes and explored prognostic correlation of these genes. Based on pyroptosis-related genes, three molecular subgroups of glioma related to prognosis were identified. We also found that each subgroup has unique immune and biological behaviours characteristics. Finally, based on 7 pyroptosis-related genes (CASP3, CASP4, CASP6, CASP8, CASP9, PRKACA and ELANE), we constructed a prognosis model by Lasso and Cox regression, which had a strong predictive power for the overall survival in CGGA test cohort (p < 0.05). In summary, we explored the role of pyroptosis-related genes in gliomas and the association of these genes with tumour immunity. We found the biomarkers valuable to diagnosis and prognosis, hence, provide reference to the development and treatment of tumorigenesis in glioma.
Keywords: glioma; immunity; prognosis; pyroptosis.
© 2021 The Authors. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine published by Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.