Quality of life and eating habits of patients with obesity during the COVID-19 pandemic

Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2021 Nov 19;29:e3502. doi: 10.1590/1518-8345.5238.3502. eCollection 2021.
[Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese]

Abstract

Objective: to verify the quality of life and eating habits of patients with obesity during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Method: cross-sectional study with 68 outpatients, candidates for bariatric surgery, at university hospital in the Southern Brazil. Data collection was carried out by telephone, with questions about the profile of the participants and social distancing; questionnaires on quality of life and eating habits were also used. The data analysis, the logistic regression model, Spearman correlation, Mann-Whitney U and Student t-tests were used for independent samples.

Results: the general quality of life was 57.03 points and the eating habit with the highest score was cognitive restraint (61.11 points). Most patients (72.1%) were socially distancing themselves and 27.9% had not changed their routine. The chance of isolation was 3.16 times greater for patients who were married. There is a positive correlation between the domains of the Quality of Life questionnaire and cognitive restraint from the questionnaire about eating habits.

Conclusion: we found that the participants tended to have a better quality of life as cognitive restraint increased.

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Humans
  • Obesity
  • Pandemics*
  • Quality of Life
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Surveys and Questionnaires