Hyperaccumulating ecotypes of Sedum plants are promising Cd/Zn phytoextractors, with potential for leveraging its rhizospheric or endophytic microbiomes to improve phytoremediation efficiency. However, research of bacteria associated with Sedum at field scale is still lacking. Here, we presented a detailed investigation of the bacterial microbiome of hyperaccumulating Sedum ecotypes (S. alfredii and S. plumbizincicola) and a non-hyperaccumulating S. alfredii ecotype, which grow at different soil environments. Moreover, we evaluated the heavy metal uptake and translocation potential of Sedum plants at different locations. The results showed that both HE ecotypes, contrary to the NHE, were efficient for phytoremediation in mine areas and farmlands. For NHE plants, rhizosphere co-occurrence networks were more complex than the networks of other compartments, while networks of HE plants were more complex in bulk soil and roots. The proportion of positive correlations within co-occurrence networks was higher for the HE plants, suggesting a greater potential for mutualistic interactions. Plant compartment and location predominantly shaped the microbiome assembly, and Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria and Acidobacteria dominated the bacterial communities of Sedum plants. Keystone taxa related to Zn hyperaccumulation are similar to those related to Cd hyperaccumulation, and nine bacterial genera had significantly positive correlation with Cd/Zn hyperaccumulation. Taxa, linked to phytoremediation in both mine and farmland (i.e. Actinospica and Streptomyces from Actinobacteria), could be targets for further investigation of their ability to promote metal phytoremediation of Sedum species.
Keywords: 16S rRNA gene; Heavy metal; Phytoremediation; Sedum alfredii; Sedum plumbizincicola.
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