Construction of a Ferroptosis-Related Long Non-coding RNA Prognostic Signature and Competing Endogenous RNA Network in Lung Adenocarcinoma

Front Cell Dev Biol. 2021 Nov 8;9:751490. doi: 10.3389/fcell.2021.751490. eCollection 2021.


Ferroptosis-related genes play an important role in the progression of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). However, the potential function of ferroptosis-related lncRNAs in LUAD has not been fully elucidated. Thus, to explore the potential role of ferroptosis-related lncRNAs in LUAD, the transcriptome RNA-seq data and corresponding clinical data of LUAD were downloaded from the TCGA dataset. Pearson correlation was used to mine ferroptosis-related lncRNAs. Differential expression and univariate Cox analysis were performed to screen prognosis related lncRNAs. A ferroptosis-related lncRNA prognostic signature (FLPS), which included six ferroptosis-related lncRNAs, was constructed by the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression. Patients were divided into a high risk-score group and low risk-score group by the median risk score. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, principal component analysis (PCA), and univariate and multivariate Cox regression were performed to confirm the validity of FLPS. Enrichment analysis showed that the biological processes, pathways and markers associated with malignant tumors were more common in high-risk subgroups. There were significant differences in immune microenvironment and immune cells between high- and low-risk groups. Then, a nomogram was constructed. We further investigated the relationship between six ferroptosis-related lncRNAs and tumor microenvironment and tumor stemness. A competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network was established based on the six ferroptosis-related lncRNAs. Finally, we detected the expression levels of ferroptosis-related lncRNAs in clinical samples through quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay (qRT-PCR). In conclusion, we identified the prognostic ferroptosis-related lncRNAs in LUAD and constructed a prognostic signature which provided a new strategy for the evaluation and prediction of prognosis in LUAD.

Keywords: LUAD; ceRNA network; ferroptosis; lncRNAs; prognostic signature.