Aim and hypotheses: The THEMIS randomized trial compared ticagrelor plus aspirin versus placebo plus aspirin for patients with stable coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (CAD-T2DM), and without prior myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke. The aim of the study was to quantify the size of the CAD-T2DM population without prior MI or stroke population in a real-world setting, and more specifically populations with similar THEMIS selection criteria (THEMIS-like and THEMIS-PCI-like populations), as well as their risk of major outcomes in current practice.
Methods: A 2-year follow-up cohort study included all CAD-T2DM without MI/stroke prevalent patients on January 1st, 2014 in the SNDS French nationwide claims database. The THEMIS-like population concerned those ≥ 50 years of age with similar THEMIS inclusion and exclusion criteria. Prevalence was standardized to the European population. The cumulative incidence function was used to estimate the incidence of clinical outcomes (MI, ischemic stroke, and major bleeding according to the TIMI classification) with death as competing risk, and the Kaplan-Meier estimate for all-cause death and a composite outcome of MI, stroke and all-cause death.
Results: From a population of about 50 million adults, the prevalence of CAD-T2DM without MI/stroke, THEMIS-like and THEMIS-PCI-like populations was respectively at 6.04, 1.50 and 0.27 per 1000 adults, with a mean age of 72.7, 72.3 and 70.9 years and less comorbidities and diabetic complications for the THEMIS-like and THEMIS-PCI-like population. The 2-year cumulative incidence was respectively 1.7%, 1.3% and 1.6% for MI, 1.7%, 1.5% and 1.4% for stroke, 4.8%, 3.1% and 2.9% for major bleeding, 13.6%, 9.7% and 6.8% for all-cause death, and 16.2%, 12.0% and 9.5% for the composite outcome.
Conclusion: THEMIS-like prevalence was estimated at 1.50 per 1,000 adults, representing about a quarter of CAD-T2DM without MI/stroke patients, and 0.27 per 1000 adults for the THEMIS-PCI-like populations. In current French practice, the median age of both these populations was about 5-6 years older than in the THEMIS trial, with a 2-year incidence of major outcomes between two or four time above the ones of the placebo arm of the THEMIS trial using very close definitions. Registration No. EUPAS27402 ( http://www.ENCEPP.eu ).
Keywords: Claims database; Coronary artery disease; Mortality; Myocardial infarction; Prevalence; Stroke; Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
© 2021. The Author(s).