Honesty and Transparency, Indispensable to the Clinical Mission-Part III: How Leaders Can Prevent Burnout, Foster Wellness and Recovery, and Instill Resilience

Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2022 Feb;55(1):83-103. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2021.08.004.


The hidden epidemic of burnout exacts a staggering toll on professionals and patients, reflected in increased risk of medical errors, complications, and staff turnover. For surgeons, nurses, and other team members working at the sharp end of care, adverse events can amplify work exhaustion, interpersonal disengagement, and risk of moral adversity. Visionary leaders are not content to mitigate burnout and moral injury; they elevate the human experience throughout health care by modeling wellness, fostering moral courage, promoting safety of professionals, and restoring joy in work. Part 3, Health Professional Wellness and Resilience, introduces the final pillar for advancing the clinical mission.

Keywords: Burnout; Depersonalization; Emotional exhaustion; Ethics; Moral resilience; Resilience; Well-being; Wellness.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Burnout, Professional* / prevention & control
  • Health Personnel
  • Humans
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic*
  • Surgeons*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires