An Improved Speciation Method Combining IC with ICPOES and Its Application to Iodide and Iodate Diffusion Behavior in Compacted Bentonite Clay

Materials (Basel). 2021 Nov 20;14(22):7056. doi: 10.3390/ma14227056.


An accurate and effective method combining ion chromatography (IC) and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) was applied in this work to qualitatively and quantitatively analyze individual and co-existing iodide (I-) and iodate (IO3-) at various concentrations. More specifically, a very strong linear relationship for the peak area for the co-existing I- and IO3- ions was reached, and a high resolution value between two peaks was observed, which proves the effectiveness of our combined IC-ICP-OES method at analyzing iodine species. We observed lower accessible porosity for the diffusion of both I- and IO3- in samples of bentonite clay using IC-ICP-OES detection methods, where the effective diffusion coefficient varied based on the anion exclusion effect and the size of the diffusing molecules. In fact, the distribution coefficients (Kd) of both I- and IO3- were close to 0, which indicates that there was no adsorption on bentonite clay. This finding can be explained by the fact that no change in speciation took place during the diffusion of I- and IO3- ions in bentonite clay. Our IC-ICP-OES method can be used to estimate the diffusion coefficients of various iodine species in natural environments.

Keywords: IC-ICPOES; accessible porosity; anion exclusion effect; bentonite; effective diffusion coefficient; iodate (IO3−); iodide (I−).