Differential Diagnosis of Cysts and Granulomas Supported by Texture Analysis of Intraoral Radiographs

Sensors (Basel). 2021 Nov 10;21(22):7481. doi: 10.3390/s21227481.


The aim of this study was to evaluate whether textural analysis could differentiate between the two common types of lytic lesions imaged with use of radiography. Sixty-two patients were enrolled in the study with intraoral radiograph images and a histological reference study. Full textural analysis was performed using MaZda software. For over 10,000 features, logistic regression models were applied. Fragments containing lesion edges were characterized by significant correlation of structural information. Although the input images were stored using lossy compression and their scale was not preserved, the obtained results confirmed the possibility of distinguishing between cysts and granulomas with use of textural analysis of intraoral radiographs. It was shown that the important information distinguishing the aforementioned types of lesions is located at the edges and not within the lesion.

Keywords: classification; cysts; granulomas; intraoral radiography; periapical lesions; tSNE; texture features.

MeSH terms

  • Cysts*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Granuloma
  • Humans
  • Radiography