Mycophenolate mofetil is a key immunosuppressant that is metabolized into mycophenolic acid (MPA). The prognostic impact of MPA-focused therapeutic drug monitoring on allograft prognosis has not been determined in kidney transplant recipients with diabetes. In this study, we assessed the pharmacokinetics of MPA and allograft prognosis in recipients with diabetes. This study retrospectively analyzed 64 adult kidney transplant recipients. MPA blood concentration data (e.g., the time to the maximum concentration (Tmax), and the area under the concentration-time curve from 0 to 12 h (AUC0-12)) were collected at 3 weeks and 3 months after kidney transplantation. Of the 64 recipients, 15 had pre-existing diabetes. At 3 months after kidney transplantation, the Tmax of MPA was significantly longer in recipients with diabetes (mean (standard deviation): 2.8 (2.1) h) than in recipients without diabetes (1.9 (1.1) h, p = 0.02). However, the allograft estimated glomerular filtration rate and acute rejection rate, including borderline change, did not differ according to the diabetes status in patients with adjusted AUC0-12 of MPA within the target range. In conclusion, a longer Tmax of MPA was observed in recipients with diabetes; however, acceptable allograft prognosis was observed in kidney transplant recipients with diabetes and a sufficient AUC0-12 of MPA.
Keywords: diabetes; kidney transplantation; mycophenolic acid; therapeutic drug monitoring.