Sports Nutrition: Diets, Selection Factors, Recommendations

Nutrients. 2021 Oct 25;13(11):3771. doi: 10.3390/nu13113771.


An athlete's diet is influenced by external and internal factors that can reduce or exacerbate exercise-induced food intolerance/allergy symptoms. This review highlights many factors that influence food choices. However, it is important to remember that these food choices are dynamic, and their effectiveness varies with the time, location, and environmental factors in which the athlete chooses the food. Therefore, before training and competition, athletes should follow the recommendations of physicians and nutritionists. It is important to study and understand the nutritional strategies and trends that athletes use before and during training or competitions. This will identify future clinical trials that can be conducted to identify specific foods that athletes can consume to minimize negative symptoms associated with their consumption and optimize training outcomes.

Keywords: allergy; athlete; food intolerance.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Performance*
  • Diet / methods*
  • Food Preferences*
  • Humans
  • Nutritional Requirements*
  • Sports Nutritional Sciences*