Nutritional Content and Health Profile of Non-Dairy Plant-Based Yogurt Alternatives

Nutrients. 2021 Nov 14;13(11):4069. doi: 10.3390/nu13114069.


Yogurt is considered a healthy, nutritious food in many cultures. With a significant number of people experiencing dairy intolerance, and support for a more sustainable diet, consumer demand for dairy alternatives has surged. The aim of this study was to conduct a cross-sectional survey of plant-based yogurt alternatives to assess their nutritional content and health profile. A total of 249 non-dairy yogurt alternatives were analyzed from the nutrition label listed on the commercial package. The various yogurt alternatives contained extracts of coconut (n = 79), almonds (n = 62), other nuts or seeds (n = 20), oats (n = 20), legumes (n = 16), and mixed blends (n = 52). At least one-third of the yogurt alternatives had 5 g or more of protein/serving. Only 45% of the yogurt alternatives had calcium levels fortified to at least 10% of daily value (DV), while only about one in five had adequate vitamin D and B12 fortification at the 10% DV level. One-half of the yogurt alternatives had high sugar levels, while 93% were low in sodium. Except for the coconut-based products, the yogurts were not high in fat or saturated fat. The yogurt alternatives were not fortified as frequently or to the same levels as the corresponding non-dairy, plant-based beverages.

Keywords: calcium; fortification; non-dairy yogurt alternatives; nutrient composition; plant-based yogurts; protein; sugar; vitamin B12; vitamin D.

MeSH terms

  • Diet, Vegetarian / statistics & numerical data*
  • Food, Fortified / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Nutritive Value*
  • United States
  • Yogurt / analysis*