Management of Dental and Oral Developmental Conditions in Dogs and Cats

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2022 Jan;52(1):139-158. doi: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2021.09.002.


Developmental dental and oral disorders are present in juvenile patients less than 12 months of age. The conditions are diverse ranging from cosmetic only to requiring advanced surgical intervention to alleviate pain and secondary complications. Clinical presentation, diagnosis, and appropriate treatment of dental abnormalities including abnormalities in the number, structure, size, and shape of teeth, as well as oral abnormalities including malocclusions, congenital cleft lip and palate, developmental abnormalities resulting in bony proliferation, and soft-tissue abnormalities of the lip and tongue are discussed throughout the article.

Keywords: Cleft palate; Developmental abnormality; Juvenile; Malocclusion; Veterinary dentistry.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cat Diseases* / diagnosis
  • Cat Diseases* / therapy
  • Cats
  • Cleft Lip* / veterinary
  • Cleft Palate* / surgery
  • Cleft Palate* / veterinary
  • Dog Diseases* / diagnosis
  • Dog Diseases* / therapy
  • Dogs
  • Malocclusion* / therapy
  • Malocclusion* / veterinary