Oral human papillomavirus (HPV) and associated factors among healthy populations: The design of the PROGRESS (PRevalence of Oral hpv infection, a Global aSSessment) study

Contemp Clin Trials. 2022 Apr;115:106630. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2021.106630. Epub 2021 Nov 25.


Background: Head and neck cancers are increasingly associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Previous studies of oral HPV indicate considerable heterogeneity across geographic regions and by sex, but studies differ in methodologies used and risk groups included. Understanding the natural history of oral HPV in the general population is important to assess HPV-related disease burden and plan effective prevention programs. In this study, we aim to assess the prevalence, incidence, and persistence of oral HPV among adult men and women. Factors independently associated with oral HPV will also be evaluated.

Methods: The PROGRESS (PRevalence of Oral hpv infection, a Global aSSessment) study is a non-interventional study of 7877 healthy men and women aged 18-60 years, from France, Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US). Oral HPV prevalence will be measured using a commercially available PCR DNA test. In the US, participants will be followed prospectively every 6 months for 24 months to assess incidence, clearance, and persistence of oral HPV infection. Eligible individuals presenting for regular dental check-ups will be recruited from participating dental offices via systematic consecutive sampling. Participant dentists will collect clinical characteristics, and participants will complete self-reported study questionnaires and provide an oral rinse and gargle (ORG) specimen for HPV-DNA detection and genotyping at each study visit. HPV-DNA detection and genotyping will be performed in two reference laboratories, using the SPF10/DEIA/LiPA25 system.

Discussion: PROGRESS study aims to fill knowledge gaps concerning the natural history of oral HPV using a standardized methodology. PROGRESS will also assess factors associated with oral HPV prevalence and natural history in the general population.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04199689.

Keywords: Head and neck cancer, prevalence; Incidence; Oral HPV; Persistence; Risk factors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alphapapillomavirus*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mouth Diseases* / epidemiology
  • Papillomaviridae / genetics
  • Papillomavirus Infections*
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • United States

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT04199689