Objective: To share the practice of medical care and rescue in the 2017-2019 Amne Machin extreme cross-country challenge.
Methods: At the invitation of the Organizing Committee of Amne Machin extreme cross-country challenge of Maqin County of Qinghai Province. More than 150 medical personnel were sent to make the rescue plan and implement the medical security for three consecutive years. The support was divided into leading command group, expert consulting group, on-site medical support group, rear medical support group, and medical material support group. The on-site medical support group was equipped with the ambulance, corresponding emergency medical equipments and medicines to provide medical support at eight medical stations from the starting point to the endpoint and along the route between each station.
Results: There were no cardiac arrest and sudden death cases during the three competitions. A total of 56 patients (5 cases of combined injuries) were received, including 21 cases of mild altitude reaction, 8 cases of abrasions, 13 cases of muscle spasm and strain, 11 cases of hypoglycemia, and 3 cases of abdominal pain. All the injured were treated and observed in time. Each patient achieved a complete remission.
Conclusions: To achieve the success of medical security of the highest average altitude cross-country race certified by International Trail Running Association (ITRA), we must formulate a scientific and perfect medical security work plan in the first place: pre competition physical examination, especially the application of sports cardiopulmonary function test, screen out athletes who may have medical accidents; during the competition, focus on monitoring and tracking the players who may have problems; each support point is closely connected with the support vehicle; do a good job of first aid training for all kinds of personnel, so that medical accidents can be found, aided, and transferred at the first time. The medical care and rescue of Amne Machin extreme cross-country challenge have played a good role in the security of the international plateau sports events, which provides a reference for the security of similar events.