Background: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is the best effective treatment for pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). In the last years, the advances in histopathology have stratified PMP lesions in different degrees of aggressivity suggesting the possibility of a tailored treatment. In a subset of patients with small volume peritoneal disease, laparoscopic CRS and HIPEC is feasible. The aim of this study is to analyze the results of laparoscopic CRS + HIPEC in a monocentric series of patients under patient-related experience measures (PREMs).
Methods: All consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic CRS-HIPEC with curative intent at Cancer Institute of Montpellier were retrieved from a prospectively maintained database and analyzed. Selection criteria for laparoscopic approach were low-grade PMP with pathological confirmation prior to CRS-HIPEC, age < 75 years, no extra-peritoneal disease, peritoneal cancer index (PCI) < 10, and a limited history of abdominal surgery. A PREMS interview was conducted before analysis with all the included patients. Outcomes of interest included postoperative morbidity, medium-term survival, and PREMs.
Results: Fourteen patients were operated on for low-grade PMP with a laparoscopic approach at our institution. Conversions to laparotomy were necessary in three patients, and postoperative complications were observed in three patients (Clavien 3b in one patient). In-hospital postoperative median stay was 9.5 days. No death or recurrence was observed during the study period.
Conclusions: Laparoscopic CRS-HIPEC for LAMN in presence of small peritoneal disease is feasible in terms of postoperative morbidity and mortality. According to our PREMs questionnaire, patients' expectations were satisfied.
Keywords: Laparoscopic CRS; Laparoscopic HIPEC; Mucinous peritoneal tumor; Pseudomyxoma peritonei.
© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.