Purpose: There is no widely accepted treatment for persistent/chronic central serous chorioretinopathy. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and factors associated to treatment response to navigated micropulse laser in chorioretinopathy.
Methods: Retrospective observational case series including consecutive patients presenting with symptomatic persistent and chronic chorioretinopathy. All patients were treated with 5% navigated micropulse laser with the Navilas system (Navilas®, OD-OS GmBH, Teltwo, Germany), by overlying fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography and/or spectral domain-optical coherence tomography images of visible leaking points and/or choroidal hyperpermeability/subretinal fluid to plan the laser treatment.
Results: Thirty-nine eyes of 36 consecutive patients (29 men and 7 women, with a mean age of 51.87 years) were included. Logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (LogMar) best-corrected visual acuity increased from 0.39 ± 0.24 at baseline to 0.24 ± 0.22 at 3 months (p < 0.0001) and to 0.20 ± 0.07 at 6 months (p < 0.0001). Subretinal fluid decreased from 166.82 ± 111.11 micron at baseline to 52.33 ± 78.97 micron (p < 0.0001) at 3 months and 34.12 ± 67.56 micron at 6 months (p < 0.0001). The presence of a hot spot on fluorescein angiography and a focal choroidal hyperpermeability on indocyanine green angiography, but not the duration of symptoms correlated significantly with the resolution of subretinal fluid at month 3 (p = 0.023 and p = 0.001).
Conclusion: Navigated micropulse laser laser treatment was found to be effective and safe for the treatment of chorioretinopathy, with significant improvement in visual and anatomical outcomes, unaccompanied by any adverse event at 3 and 6 months follow-up. Factors associated to subretinal fluid resolution may allow a better selection of likely responders to navigated micropulse laser treatment.
Keywords: Central serous chorioretinopathy; micropulse laser; navigated laser.