The rapid development of single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) technology has raised significant computational and analytical challenges. The application of deep learning to scRNA-seq data analysis is rapidly evolving and can overcome the unique challenges in upstream (quality control and normalization) and downstream (cell-, gene- and pathway-level) analysis of scRNA-seq data. In the present study, recent advances and applications of deep learning-based methods, together with specific tools for scRNA-seq data analysis, were summarized. Moreover, the future perspectives and challenges of deep-learning techniques regarding the appropriate analysis and interpretation of scRNA-seq data were investigated. The present study aimed to provide evidence supporting the biomedical application of deep learning-based tools and may aid biologists and bioinformaticians in navigating this exciting and fast-moving area.
Keywords: bioinformatics; deep learning; single-cell RNA-sequencing.
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