[Treatment of male infertility]

Ugeskr Laeger. 2021 Nov 29;183(48):V05210402.
[Article in Danish]


Impaired male fertility contributes to at least 50% of cases of couple infertility. Azoospermia is found in 1-2% of the male population. In the diagnostic workup, genetic and endocrine as well as lifestyle factors may be considered. Spermatozoa can be retrieved surgically in many cases of azoospermia, aspermia and difficult cases of retrograde ejaculation. Such spermatozoa can be used for injection into the oocytes of the female partners by intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Treatment with follicle stimulating hormone is only indicated in hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism. This review is a summarisation of the current male infertility treatment modalities.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Azoospermia* / diagnosis
  • Azoospermia* / therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypogonadism* / diagnosis
  • Hypogonadism* / drug therapy
  • Infertility, Male* / therapy
  • Male
  • Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
  • Spermatozoa
  • Testis