We evaluated the diagnostic performances of 2 media (BCYE, MWY) on 951 Legionella-positive hospital water samples. MWY allowed detecting Legionella in 89.2% of samples, but in 10.8% (103/951) Legionella was found on BCYE plates only. In samples where Legionella was isolated with other microorganisms (663/951), MWY was essential to detect the majority of positive samples (349/663, 52.6%), as fewer plates resulted unreadable; however, in those containing Legionella only, a higher frequency of positive samples was recorded with BCYE (94.8%, 273/288) compared to MWY (85.1%, 245/288). Considering the 484 concordant positive samples, overall Legionella counts were significantly higher on BCYE (P = 0.0029), with 47% of samples showing higher counts on BCYE compared to MWY plates. Furthermore, discordant samples (positive on only one medium) showed different relative proportions between Legionella pneumophila and non-pneumophila, the latter being found more frequently on BCYE only (P = 0.0296).Our findings confirm the appropriateness of the ISO 11731:2017 update.
Keywords: Culture; Environmental samples; Legionella; Media.
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