Hyaluronic acid (HA)-based prodrugs bearing double-responsive (acid pH or oxidation) boronates of catechol-containing drugs were used to treat xenografted human prostate tumours (LNCaP) in SCID mice. The HA prodrugs accumulated significantly only in tumours (impressively, up to 40% of the injected dose after 24 h) and in liver, with negligible - actually anti-inflammatory - consequences in the latter. A quercetin-HA prodrug significantly slowed down tumour growth, in a dose-dependent fashion and with a much higher efficacy (up to 4 times) than equivalent doses of free quercetin. In short, boronated HA appears to be a very promising platform for targeted chemotherapy.
Keywords: Boronates; Cancer; Field flow fractionation; Hyaluronic acid; Responsive release; Targeted drug delivery.
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