Hierarchical dual-responsive cleavable nanosystem for synergetic photodynamic/photothermal therapy against melanoma

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2021 Dec;131:112524. doi: 10.1016/j.msec.2021.112524. Epub 2021 Oct 28.

Abstract

Currently, the combining photodynamic therapy (PDT) with photothermal therapy (PTT) modalities based on a single near infrared (NIR) laser irradiation and highly selective internalization still remain a challenge. Herein, a hierarchical dual-responsive cleavable nanosystem for synergetic NIR triggered PDT/PTT is reported. The engineered nanoplatform (Au NRs/Cur/UCNPs@PBE) is designed by loading curcumin (Cur, photosensitizer) on gold nanarods (Au NRs) to build PDT/PTT therapy system, which was encapsulated outside with upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) and then modified with phenylboronic double ester (PBE). The pH and ROS-responsive feature made Au NRs/Cur/UCNPs@PBE provide a fundamental structural evolution and improve the specificity and intracellular accumulation to tumors. Au NRs/Cur/UCNPs@PBE exhibited significant PDT and PTT efficiency against two type melanoma cells due to upconversion nanoparticles and Au NRs induced by an 808 nm laser. Notably, the platform can mainly activate apoptosis and partial ferroptosis to achieve the synergistic PDT/PTT, furthermore, the integrated PDT with PTT using Au NRs/Cur/UCNPs@PBE showcased a great antitumor efficacy in vivo superior to the other alone treatment. Our findings highlight that this intelligent nanoagents for synergistic phototherapy facilitate enhanced fighting melanoma and provide a promising strategy for melanoma theranostics.

Keywords: Changeable particle sizes; Cleavable nanosystem; Hierarchical dual-responsive; Melanoma; Synergistic NIR triggered phototherapy.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Gold
  • Humans
  • Melanoma* / drug therapy
  • Nanoparticles*
  • Photochemotherapy*
  • Photosensitizing Agents / pharmacology
  • Photosensitizing Agents / therapeutic use
  • Phototherapy
  • Photothermal Therapy

Substances

  • Photosensitizing Agents
  • Gold