To enhance the thermal stability of Streptomyces Sp. SA-COO cholesterol oxidase, random mutagenesis was used. A random mutant library was generated using two types of error-prone PCR (single step and serial dilution) and two mutants (ChOA-M1 and ChOA-M2) with improved thermostability were obtained. The best mutant ChOA-M1 acquired three amino acid substitutions (G49T, W52K, and F62V) and improved thermostability (at 50 °C for 5 h) by 40% and increased the kcat/Km value by 23%. The optimum pH was desirably changed to encompass a broad range from alkali to acid and circular dichroism revealed no significant secondary structure changes in mutants against wild type. These findings indicated that random mutagenesis was an effective technique for optimizing cholesterol oxidase properties and make a foundation for practical applications of Cholesterol oxidase in clinical diagnosis and industrial fields.
Keywords: Cholesterol oxidase; Error-prone PCR; Random mutagenesis; Thermostability.
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