Treatment of hallux valgus in children and adolescents

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2022 Feb;108(1S):103168. doi: 10.1016/j.otsr.2021.103168. Epub 2021 Dec 3.


Juvenile hallux valgus is one of the most common pathologies of the forefoot in children and adolescents. Nevertheless, its treatment is still controversial. This deformity has some distinct anatomical features, particularly a lateral tilt of the articular facet of the head of the first metatarsal and congenital metatarsus adductus, which often occur in combination. Some mediocre surgical treatment results can be explained by the lack of correction of all these factors when we approach the problem as we would in adults. A double osteotomy to correct the DMAA and varus of the first metatarsal is a good solution in most cases with satisfactory functional outcomes. A percutaneous approach seems efficient in the pediatric population, given that the periosteum and growth plates, which are very active in younger children, help the osteotomies to heal and remodel. Guided growth surgery - using this approach is a viable alternative in this age bracket. Finally, minimally invasive surgery for juvenile hallux valgus allows another surgery to be done on minimally or undamaged tissues if needed later on.

Keywords: Distal metatarsal articular angle; Guided growth surgery; Juvenile hallux valgus; Metatarsus adductus; Minimally invasive surgery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Foot
  • Growth Plate
  • Hallux Valgus* / diagnostic imaging
  • Hallux Valgus* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Metatarsal Bones*
  • Osteotomy
  • Treatment Outcome