Aims: The aim of this study was to identify brain regions with local, structural, and functional abnormalities in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and uncover the differences between DLB and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The neural networks involved in the identified abnormal brain regions were further described.
Methods: PubMed, Web of Science, OVID, Science Direct, and Cochrane Library databases were used to identify neuroimaging studies that included DLB versus healthy controls (HCs) or DLB versus AD. The coordinate-based meta-analysis and functional meta-analytic connectivity modeling were performed using the activation likelihood estimation algorithm.
Results: Eleven structural studies and fourteen functional studies were included in this quantitative meta-analysis. DLB patients showed a dysfunction in the bilateral inferior parietal lobule and right lingual gyrus compared with HC patients. DLB patients showed a relative preservation of the medial temporal lobe and a tendency of lower metabolism in the right lingual gyrus compared with AD. The frontal-parietal, salience, and visual networks were all abnormally co-activated in DLB, but the default mode network remained normally co-activated compared with AD.
Conclusions: The convergence of local brain regions and co-activation neural networks might be potential specific imaging markers in the diagnosis of DLB. This might provide a pathway for the neural regulation in DLB patients, and it might contribute to the development of specific interventions for DLB and AD.
Keywords: anatomical/activation likelihood estimation; coordinate-based meta-analysis; dementia with Lewy bodies; functional meta-analytic connectivity modeling; neuroimaging.
© 2021 The Authors. CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.