Rabbit antisera directed against gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) conjugated to bovine serum albumin was used to localize neurons containing GABA-like immunoreactivity in the retinas of nine species of animals: human, cat, rabbit, rat, chicken, turtle, frog, mudpuppy and goldfish. The retinas of all species contained GABA-like labeling in several populations of amacrine cells in the inner nuclear layer, cells in the ganglion-cell layer that may include displaced amacrine cells and in fibers in the inner plexiform layer and in the optic nerve fiber layer. Labeled horizontal cells were found in cat and in all non-mammalian retinas. Labeled interplexiform cells were found in rat, rabbit, cat and human retinas. Labeled bipolar cells were restricted to frog and mudpuppy retinas. The distribution of anti-GABA is usually similar to that of anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase and neuronal [3H]GABA uptake, indicating good correspondence between these 'GABAergic' markers. However, several significant differences among these markers are discussed.