COVID-19 and chronic fatigue syndrome: An endocrine perspective

J Clin Transl Endocrinol. 2022 Mar:27:100284. doi: 10.1016/j.jcte.2021.100284. Epub 2021 Dec 3.


Patients recovering from COVID-19 may have persistent debilitating symptoms requiring long term support through individually tailored cardiopulmonary and psychological rehabilitation programs. Clinicians need to be aware about the likely long-term complications and their diagnostic assessments to help identify any occult problems requiring additional help. Endocrinological evaluations should be considered as part of the armamentarium in the management of such individuals with diligent cognizance about the involvement of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, adrenal and thyroid function. We here review the literature and potential pathophysiological mechanisms involved in and related to post COVID-19 symptoms with an emphasis on endocrine function.

Keywords: Adrenal function; COVID-19; Chronic Fatigue Syndrome; Endocrinopathy; Long Covid; Pain; Pituitary; Thyroid.