The endothelial glycocalyx (eGC), a delicate carbohydrate-rich structure lining the luminal surface of the vascular endothelium, is vital for maintenance of microvascular homeostasis. In sepsis, damage of the eGC triggers the development of vascular hyperpermeability with consecutive edema formation and organ failure. While there is evidence that protection or rebuilding of the eGC might counteract sepsis-induced vascular leakage and improve outcome, approved therapeutics are not yet available. This narrative review aims to outline possible therapeutic strategies to ameliorate organ dysfunction caused by eGC impairment.
Keywords: Glycocalyx; Glycosaminoglycan; Heparanase; Perfused boundary region; Sepsis.
© 2021 The Authors.