Nanobioglass enhanced polyurethane/collagen conduit in sciatic nerve regeneration

J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2022 May;110(5):1093-1102. doi: 10.1002/jbm.b.34983. Epub 2021 Dec 7.


The main purpose of neural tissue engineering and regenerative medicine is the development of biological substitutions to preserve, improve, and regenerate the damaged functions of tissues and organs. Three novel conduits, including polyurethane (PU), polyurethane/collagen (PU/C), and polyurethane/collagen/nano-bio glass (PU/C/NBG), were fabricated by the electrospinning technique. After confirming the suitability of conduits in the in-vitro environment, conduits were surgically sutured in a 10-mm gap in the sciatic nerve of a rat to evaluate their role in sciatic nerve reconstruction. After 4, 8, and 12 weeks of surgery, nerve regeneration was assessed by the hot plate test, sciatic functional index, electromyography, histology, and immunohistochemistry against S100, NF200, and CD31 antibodies. The results of various examinations revealed that the PU/C/NBG conduit is significantly more suitable than PU and PU/C conduits in terms of nerve regeneration. However, all three groups of conduits had the potential to be used for nerve regeneration. Overall, this study discovered that the PU/C/NBG conduit is a biocompatible neural conduit, which is a favorable candidate for peripheral nerve regeneration and axonal growth.

Keywords: bioglass; collagen; conduitnerve regenerationpolyurethane.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Collagen
  • Nerve Regeneration / physiology
  • Polyurethanes*
  • Rats
  • Sciatic Nerve* / physiology
  • Tissue Engineering


  • Polyurethanes
  • Collagen