Limited studies had investigated the potential benefits of workplace-based hypertension management programs on long-term blood pressure (BP) control and health outcomes. This study used the propensity score matching to examine the effectiveness of a workplace-based hypertension management program on BP control and risks of major adverse cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. Within the Kailuan study, a workplace-based hypertension management program was initiated in 2009 among men with hypertension, which included regular BP measuring (twice a month), free antihypertensive medications, and individualized health consultation. Participants were followed until loss to follow-up, death, or December 31, 2019. Among 17 724 male hypertensives aged 18 to 60 years, 6400 participated in the program. The propensity score matching yielded 6120 participants in the management group and 6120 participants in the control group. Both systolic and diastolic BPs were significantly lower in the management group than in the control group over follow-up, and the mean between-group difference at the 10th year was -7.83 (95% CI, -9.06 to -6.62) mm Hg for systolic BP and -4.72 (95% CI, -5.46 to -3.97) mm Hg for diastolic BP. Participants in the program were more likely to achieve BP control (odds ratio, 1.70 [95% CI, 1.41-2.06]) and had significantly lower risks of major adverse cardiovascular events (hazard ratio, 0.83 [95% CI, 0.72-0.94]) and all-cause mortality (hazard ratio, 0.71 [95% CI, 0.58-0.86]), compared with those who were not in the program. A workplace-based hypertension management program was related to reduced BP levels and lower risks of major adverse cardiovascular events and mortality in Chinese men with hypertension.
Keywords: blood pressure; hypertension; mortality; myocardial infarction; stroke; workplace.