Effectiveness of Laser Therapy and Laser Acupuncture on Treating Paraesthesia After Extraction of Lower Third Molars

Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg. 2021 Dec;39(12):774-781. doi: 10.1089/photob.2021.0022.


Objective: This randomized clinical trial evaluated the sensitive return of the lower alveolar nerve (LAN) using two photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) techniques, after the extraction of lower third molars or implant surgery. Materials and methods: Sixty participants with sensory impairment of LAN were randomly divided into three groups (n = 20): group C-systemic medication (control-ETNA®, 01 capsule, 8/8 h, 30 days); group laser therapy (LT) (808 nm, 100 mW, 40 sec/point, 4 J/point, intra/extraoral, irradiation following nerve path); group laser acupuncture (LA) (same parameters as the LT group, applied at six acupuncture points on the affected side (ST 4 [Dicang], M-HN-18 [Jiachengjiang], CV 24 [Chengjiang], ST 5 [Daying], ST 6 [Jiache], and point A1 [YNSA]). The following evaluations were performed, at predetermined times: general perception of paresthesia, thermal perception, vibratory mechanical perception, two-point discrimination, pain perception, and tactile perception. Data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by the Tukey, except for the two-point discrimination, which was analyzed using the chi-square test. Results: In general and thermal perception, both PBMTs had better results than control; regarding cold perception, only the LT group was statistically superior to control. LA presented inferior results of neural regeneration for tests of perception of pain and tactile at the lip, and of tactile perception at the chin. In the other tests, there was no statistical difference among the groups. Conclusions: LT and the conventional drug treatment had the same effectiveness and both were superior to LA for the treatment of paresthesia of the LAN after oral surgeries.

Keywords: implant surgery; laser acupuncture; paresthesia; photobiomodulation; sensorineural disorder; third molars.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Acupuncture Therapy*
  • Humans
  • Laser Therapy*
  • Low-Level Light Therapy*
  • Molar, Third / surgery
  • Paresthesia / etiology
  • Paresthesia / therapy