Objectives: To evaluate feasibility and acceptability of post-hospitalization telemedicine video visits (TMVV) during hospital-to-home transitions for children with medical complexity (CMC); and explore associations with hospital utilization, caregiver self-efficacy (CSE), and family self-management (FSM).
Method: This non-randomized pilot study assigned CMC (n=28) to weekly TMVV for four weeks post-hospitalization; control CMC (n=20) received usual care without telemedicine. Feasibility was measured by time to connection and proportion of TMVV completed; acceptability was measured by parent-reported surveys. Pre/post-discharge changes in CSE, FSM, and hospital utilization were assessed.
Results: 64 TMVV were completed; 82 % of patients completed 1 TMVV; 54 % completed four TMVV. Median time to TMVV connection was 1 minute (IQR=2.5). Parents reported high acceptability of TMVV (mean 6.42; 1 -7 scale). CSE and FSM pre/post-discharge were similar for both groups; utilization declined in both groups post-discharge.
Discussion: Post-hospitalization TMVV for CMC were feasible and acceptable during hospital-to-home transitions.
Keywords: Telehealth; children with medical complexity; hospital-to-home; transitions of care.
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