Influence of Changes in the Shape of the Anode Channel in Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell on the Loss of Its Service Life

Materials (Basel). 2021 Nov 30;14(23):7338. doi: 10.3390/ma14237338.


The fuel cell operation is associated with significant current density and durability problems, among other anode collectors. We used a numerical model based on flows with chemical reactions in a porous medium to solve these problems. We tested four variants of the anode channels. In the shape of the anode channel, we introduced changes to improve the current density. We also examined the influence of the channel shape on the stress field and rheological processes in the casing material. We verified the numerical model on the experimental data. Furthermore, we corrected the amount of the hydrogen stream and the produced water in the whole range of the cell's operation. The test results show that it is possible to increase the current density in all operating fields of the fuel cell while maintaining a low mechanical load on graphite elements and their safe operation time.

Keywords: graphite; low-cycle fatigue; rupture life.