Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate changes in quality of life (QoL) after transcatheter tricuspid valve repair (TTVR) for tricuspid regurgitation (TR).
Background: TTVR provides feasible and durable efficacy in reducing TR, but its clinical benefits on QoL still remain unclear.
Methods: In 115 subjects undergoing TTVR for severe functional TR, QoL was evaluated using the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ). All-cause mortality, heart failure (HF) rehospitalization, and a composite endpoint of all-cause mortality, HF rehospitalization, and repeat TTVR were recorded as clinical events.
Results: Successful device implantation was achieved in 110 patients (96%). Moderate or less TR at discharge was achieved in 95 patients (83%). Mean SF-36 physical component summary (PCS) score improved from 34 ± 9 to 37 ± 9 points (+3 points; 95% CI: 1-5 points; P = 0.001), mean SF-36 mental component summary score improved from 49 ± 9 to 51 ± 10 points (+2 points; 95% CI: 0-4 points; P = 0.017), and mean MLHFQ score decreased from 29 ± 14 to 20 ± 15 points (-8 points; 95% CI: -11 to -5 points; P < 0.001). Baseline PCS, moderate or less TR at discharge, and baseline massive or torrential TR were associated with 1-month change in PCS score (P < 0.05). Change in PCS score after 1 month predicted HF rehospitalization after TTVR (adjusted HR: 0.74 [95% CI: 0.60-0.92] per 5-point increase in PCS score; P = 0.008).
Conclusions: This study demonstrates that TTVR provides improvement in QoL in patients with relevant TR. TR reduction to a moderate or less grade was associated with improvement of SF-36 and MLHFQ scores. Further, global QoL was associated with clinical outcomes and might serve as a future outcome surrogate following TTVR.
Keywords: MLHFQ; SF-36; quality of life; transcatheter tricuspid valve repair; tricuspid regurgitation.
Copyright © 2021 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.