Proposal of a food supplement for the management of post-COVID syndrome

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2021 Dec;25(1 Suppl):67-73. doi: 10.26355/eurrev_202112_27335.


A vast majority of COVID-19 patients experience fatigue, extreme tiredness and symptoms that persist beyond the active phase of the disease. This condition is called post-COVID syndrome. The mechanisms by which the virus causes prolonged illness are still unclear. The aim of this review is to gather information regarding post-COVID syndrome so as to highlight its etiological basis and the nutritional regimes and supplements that can mitigate, alleviate or relieve the associated chronic fatigue, gastrointestinal disorders and continuing inflammatory reactions. Naturally-occurring food supplements, such as acetyl L-carnitine, hydroxytyrosol and vitamins B, C and D hold significant promise in the management of post-COVID syndrome. In this pilot observational study, we evaluated the effect of a food supplement containing hydroxytyrosol, acetyl L-carnitine and vitamins B, C and D in improving perceived fatigue in patients who recovered from COVID-19 but had post-COVID syndrome characterized by chronic fatigue. The results suggest that the food supplement could proceed to clinical trials of its efficacy in aiding the recovery of patients with long COVID.

MeSH terms

  • Acetylcarnitine / administration & dosage
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • COVID-19 / complications*
  • COVID-19 / diet therapy
  • COVID-19 / pathology
  • COVID-19 / psychology
  • COVID-19 / virology
  • Dietary Supplements* / adverse effects
  • Fatigue / etiology
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / etiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Phenylethyl Alcohol / administration & dosage
  • Phenylethyl Alcohol / analogs & derivatives
  • Pilot Projects
  • Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome
  • SARS-CoV-2 / isolation & purification
  • Self Report
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vitamins / administration & dosage


  • Vitamins
  • 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethanol
  • Acetylcarnitine
  • Phenylethyl Alcohol