Objective: Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is an uncontested diagnostic tool for identifying and assessing hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients. Concerning the necessity to identify valid prognosticators for predicting the individual risk of clinical evolution, this study aimed to evaluate the clinical validity of CMR tissue tracking (TT) analysis in patients affected by primitive HCM in a real-world setting.
Methods: This historical prospective study included 33 patients. Diagnostic validity and clinical validation were assessed for strain values. CMR-TT diagnostic validity was studied comparing HCM patients with healthy control groups and phenotypic presentation of HCM. The impact of strain values and all phenotypic disease characteristics were assessed in a long-term follow-up study.
Results: The inter-reading agreement was good for all strain parameters. Significant differences were observed between the control group and HCM patients. Similarly, hypertrophic and LGE + segments showed lower deformability than healthy segments. The AUC of predictive model, including conventional risk factors for MACE occurrence and all strain values, reached 98% of diagnostic concordance (95% CI .94-1; standard error: .02; p value .0001), compared to conventional risk factors only (86%; 95% CI .73-99; standard error: .07; p value .002).
Conclusion: In patients with primitive HCM, CMR-TT strain proves high clinical validity providing independent and non-negligible prognostic advantages over clinical features and traditional CMR markers.
Keywords: CMR-TT; Cardiac magnetic resonance, CMR; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, HCM; Prognostication; Strain.
© 2021. Italian Society of Medical Radiology.