In patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) and hemodynamically significant concomitant lesions, physiologic repair may be undertaken, in which the circulation is septated but the morphologic right ventricle (RV) remains the systemic ventricle. Patients without significant concomitant lesions may be observed without surgery, with a similar physiologic result. We compared cardiovascular magnetic resonance measures of ventricular size and function in patients with physiologically repaired and unrepaired ccTGA. Patients with ccTGA who underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance at our center between September 2007 and July 2019 were analyzed. In 38 patients identified (12, physiologically repaired; 26, unrepaired; mean age 34.5 [18.7 to 52.0] years), there was a higher proportion of RV ejection fraction ≤45% in physiologically repaired (75% vs unrepaired 35%, p = 0.02). Physiologically repaired patients had worse left ventricle global longitudinal strain (-14.9% ± 5.0% vs unrepaired patients -18.4% ± 2.7%, p = 0.04). The difference in tricuspid regurgitant fraction between groups did not achieve statistical significance (physiologically repaired 27.4 ± 11.1% vs unrepaired patients 19.2 ± 13.0%, p = 0.08). Evaluation for late gadolinium enhancement was more commonly undertaken in physiologically repaired patients (8 of 12 vs unrepaired 7 of 26, p = 0.03) and present more frequently in the left ventricle in physiologically repaired patients in patients evaluated (6 of 8 vs unrepaired 0 of 7, p = 0.01). In conclusion, ventricular function is decreased in patients with ccTGA undergoing physiologic repair compared with those without previous surgery. These cohorts should be considered separately when using ventricular function as an outcome. RV dysfunction is concerning for long-term outcomes following physiologic repair.
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