Optimization of ultrasonic-assisted enzymatic extraction of kiwi starch and evaluation of its structural, physicochemical, and functional characteristics

Ultrason Sonochem. 2021 Dec:81:105866. doi: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2021.105866. Epub 2021 Dec 8.


A new ultrasound-assisted enzymatic extraction (UAEE) method of starch from kiwifruit was established and optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). Under optimal conditions (the pectinase-to-cellulase-to-papain ratio = 1:2:1 g/kg, solid/liquid ratio = 1:6.68, extraction pH = 5.23, ultrasound power = 300 W, and extraction temperature = 52 °C), the kiwi starch (KS) yield was about 4.25%, and the starch content of KS was 873.23 mg/g. Compared to other extraction methods, UAEE can obtain KS with high yield and purity with a shorter extraction time and less solvent and enzyme. The extracted KS has a low gelatinization enthalpy (8.02 J/g) and a high peak viscosity (7933 cP), with obvious particle properties and low adhesion. In addition, KS is rich in polyphenols, has strong antioxidant activity, and has higher contents of amylose starch (30.74%) and resistant starch (60.18%). This study established a novel and highly efficient method for KS extraction and suggest several possible applications for KS in the food industry.

Keywords: Antioxidant capacity; Characteristics; Digestive resistance; Kiwi starch; Ultrasonic-assisted enzymatic extraction.

MeSH terms

  • Fruit* / chemistry
  • Starch* / chemistry
  • Starch* / isolation & purification
  • Starch* / physiology
  • Ultrasonics*


  • Starch