Continued Treatment with Dupilumab is Associated with Improved Efficacy in Adults with Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis Not Achieving Optimal Responses with Short-Term Treatment

Dermatol Ther (Heidelb). 2022 Jan;12(1):195-202. doi: 10.1007/s13555-021-00643-4. Epub 2021 Dec 13.


Introduction: Previous drug survival studies of dupilumab in atopic dermatitis (AD) show that many patients continue treatment through 1 year, suggesting that patients experience clinically relevant benefits with long-term treatment.

Methods: This post hoc analysis included data through week 100 from 391 adult patients from the dupilumab open-label extension (OLE) study who had not achieved the endpoints of at least 75% improvement from baseline in the Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI-75) or an Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA) score of 0 or 1 with short-term (16 weeks, 300 mg qw or q2w) dupilumab treatment in the parent SOLO 1 or 2 studies. All patients received dupilumab 300 mg qw in the OLE study, irrespective of whether they received qw or 2qw dosing in the parent study.

Results: Among those who had not achieved EASI-75 or IGA 0/1 during the 16-week parent study, the proportion of patients achieving EASI-75 by week 100 was 91%. The proportion achieving IGA 0 or 1 at week 100 was 45% for patients initially on q2w week dosing and 49% for those on initial qw dosing.

Conclusion: Long-term dupilumab treatment may be associated with improvement in AD in patients with suboptimal responses during the initial 16 weeks of treatment.

Clinical trial registration: LIBERTY AD SOLO 1: identifier NCT02277743; EudraCT 2014-001198-15. LIBERTY AD SOLO 2: identifier NCT02277769; EudraCT 2014-002619-40.

Liberty ad ole: Identifier NCT01949311; EudraCT 2013-001449-15.

Keywords: Atopic dermatitis; Dupilumab; Efficacy.

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