A Novel Approach to Large-Scale Dynamically Weighted Directed Network Representation

IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell. 2021 Dec 13:PP. doi: 10.1109/TPAMI.2021.3132503. Online ahead of print.


A dynamically weighted directed network (DWDN) is frequently encountered in various big data-related applications like a terminal interaction pattern analysis system (TIPAS) concerned in this study. It consists of large-scale dynamic interactions among numerous nodes. As the involved nodes increase drastically, it becomes impossible to observe their full interactions at each time slot, making a resultant DWDN High Dimensional and Incomplete (HDI). An HDI DWDN, in spite of its incompleteness, contains rich knowledge regarding involved nodes various behavior patterns. To extract such knowledge from an HDI DWDN, this paper proposes a novel Alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM)-based Nonnegative Latent-factorization of Tensors (ANLT) model. It adopts three-fold ideas: a) building a data density-oriented augmented Lagrangian function for efficiently handling an HDI tensors incompleteness and nonnegativity; b) splitting the optimization task in each iteration into an elaborately designed subtask series where each one is solved based on the previously solved ones following the ADMM principle to achieve fast convergence; and c) theoretically proving that its convergence is guaranteed with its efficient learning scheme. Experimental results on six DWDNs from real applications demonstrate that the proposed ANLT outperforms state-of-the-art models significantly in both computational efficiency and prediction accuracy.