Health-related quality of life in autoimmune hepatitis

World J Hepatol. 2021 Nov 27;13(11):1642-1652. doi: 10.4254/wjh.v13.i11.1642.

Abstract

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a severe chronic autoimmune disease and has a significant impact on the patient's quality of life, in particular regarding psychological problems such as anxiety and depression. Consistent evidence on which patient-related, disease-related or physician-related factors cause health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impairment in patients with AIH is lacking. Current studies on HRQoL in AIH are mainly single-centered, comprising small numbers of patients, and difficult to compare because of the use of different questionnaires, patient populations, and cutoff values. Literature in the pediatric field is sparse, but suggests that children/adolescents with AIH have a lower HRQoL. Knowledge of HRQoL and cohesive factors in AIH are important to improve healthcare for AIH patients, for example by developing an AIH-specific chronic healthcare model. By recognizing the importance of quality of life beyond the concept of biochemical and histological remission, clinicians allow us to seek enhancements and possible interventions in the management of AIH, aiming at improved health.

Keywords: Anxiety; Autoimmune hepatitis; Corticosteroids; Depression; Quality of life.

Publication types

  • Review