[Factors associated with tobacco use in patients with asthma during the confinement due to COVID-19 in an urban region with high numbers of SARS-CoV-2 infections]

Rev Alerg Mex. Oct-Dec 2021;68(4):218-224. doi: 10.29262/ram.v68i4.922.
[Article in Spanish]

Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with tobacco use during the period of confinement in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: Through an analytical and cross-sectional study, the data of 2, 372 participants were analyzed. The information was collected through a self-administered questionnaire that was built with the Google Forms tool, which was distributed and applied via email and WhatsApp; the private messaging platform. The relationship between the independent variables and the outcome was determined by multivariate logistic regression analysis.

Results: Out of the total population, 69.3 % were women, the median age was 20.11±2.01 years, the prevalence of asthma was 12.2 %, and the active tobacco use was 13.3 %. There was a higher number of patients with asthma who smoked (14.2 vs. 13.2 %) than of those who didn't have asthma. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that factors like considering that COVID-19 does not exist and not being confined were related to tobacco use in patients with asthma during the implementation of the contingency plan that the COVID-19 pandemic represents.

Conclusions: During confinement to home for COVID-19, the prevalence of tobacco use is higher in patients with asthma than in individuals without this ailment; the factors that favor the aforementioned are present in the family environment.

Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia y factores de riesgo asociados al tabaquismo durante el periodo de confinamiento ante la pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: Mediante un estudio analítico y transversal se analizaron los datos de 2372 participantes. La recolección de la información se realizó con un cuestionario autoadministrado construido con la herramienta Google Forms, el cual se distribuyó y aplicó a través de correo electrónico y de la plataforma de mensajería privada WhatsApp. La relación entre las variables independientes y la resultante fue determinada a través de regresión logística multivariada. Resultados: De la población total, 69.3 % fue del sexo femenino, la edad media de 20.11 ± 2.01 años, la prevalencia de asma de 12.2 % y la de tabaquismo activo, de 13.3 %. Una mayor proporción de pacientes con asma fumaba (14.2 versus 13.2 %), en comparación con quienes no padecían asma. La regresión logística multivariante mostró que considerar que COVID-19 no existe y no cumplir con el confinamiento se relacionaron con el tabaquismo en pacientes con asma durante la aplicación del plan de contingencia que representa la pandemia de COVID-19. Conclusiones: Durante el confinamiento en casa por COVID-19, la prevalencia de tabaquismo es mayor en pacientes con asma comparados con los individuos sin esta enfermedad. Los factores que favorecen lo anterior están presentes en el entorno familiar.

Keywords: Asthma; COVID-19; Comorbidity; SARS-CoV-2; Smoking.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Asthma* / epidemiology
  • COVID-19*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Pandemics
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Tobacco Use / epidemiology
  • Young Adult