Purpose: The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) recommends the return of pathogenic and likely pathogenic (P/LP) secondary findings from exome and genome sequencing. The latest version (ACMG secondary finding [SF] v3.0) includes 14 additional genes. We interrogated the ClinSeq cohort for variants in these genes to determine the additional yield in unselected individuals.
Methods: Exome data from 1473 individuals (60% White, 34% African American or Black, 6% other) were analyzed. We restricted our analyses to coding variants; +1,+2,-1, and -2 splice site variants; and the pathogenic GAA variant, NM_000152.5:c.-32-13T>G. Variants were assessed with slightly modified ACMG/Association of Molecular Pathology guidelines.
Results: A total of 25 P/LP variants were identified. In total, 7 individuals had P/LP variants in genes recommended for return of heterozygous variants, namely HNF1A (1), PALB2 (3), TMEM127 (1), and TTN (2). In total, 4 individuals had a homozygous variant in a gene recommended for biallelic variant return, namely HFE, NM_000410.3(HFE):c.845G>A p.Cys282Tyr. A total of 17 P/LP variants were identified in the heterozygous state in genes recommended only for biallelic variant reporting and were not returned. The frequency of returnable P/LP variants did not significantly differ by race.
Conclusion: Using the ACMG SF v3.0, the returnable P/LP variant frequency increased in the ClinSeq cohort by 22%, from 3.4% (n = 50, ACMG SF v2.0) to 4.1% (n = 61, ACMG SF v3.0).
Keywords: ACMG SF v3.0; ClinSeq; Reverse phenotyping; Secondary findings; Variant classification.
Published by Elsevier Inc.