Flexible bronchoscopy in the diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome

South Med J. 1986 Nov;79(11):1363-5. doi: 10.1097/00007611-198611000-00011.


Seventy-seven patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and suspected of having Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) had flexible bronchoscopy. The diagnosis was established in 52 of the 54 patients (96%) who proved to have PCP. There was one false-positive result. The remaining 22 patients and the patient with the false-positive diagnosis had diseases other than PCP, or no diagnosis. Flexible bronchoscopy is a safe and sensitive diagnostic procedure in patients with PCP complicating AIDS, and is recommended as the first invasive diagnostic procedure when patients at risk for AIDS have acute pulmonary complications.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications*
  • Adult
  • Bronchoscopy* / methods
  • Cytodiagnosis
  • False Positive Reactions
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pneumonia, Pneumocystis / complications
  • Pneumonia, Pneumocystis / diagnosis*
  • Pneumonia, Pneumocystis / pathology