Early reported complication rates with the Grammont-type reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) were very high, up to 24%.A 'problem' is defined as an intraoperative or postoperative event that is not likely to affect the patient's final outcome, such as intraoperative cement extravasation and radiographic changes. A 'complication' is defined as an intraoperative or postoperative event that is likely to affect the patient's final outcome, including infection, neurologic injury and intrathoracic central glenoid screw placement.Radiographic changes around the glenoid or humeral components of the RSA are very frequently observed and described in the literature.High complication rates related to the Grammont RSA design led to development of non-Grammont designs which led to a dramatic fall in the majority of complications.The percentage of radiological changes after RSA is not negligible and remains unsolved, despite a decrease in its occurrence in the last decade. However, such changes should be now considered as simple problems because they rarely have a negative influence on the patient's final outcome, and their prevalence has dramatically decreased.With further changes in indications and designs for RSA, it is crucial to accurately track the rates and types of complications to justify its new designs and increased indications. Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:1109-1121. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.6.210040.
Keywords: infection; intraoperative cement extravasation; neurologic lesion; problems; prosthesis design.
© 2021 The author(s).