Ultrasonic-treated fucoidan as a promising therapeutic agent

Polim Med. 2021 Jul-Dec;51(2):85-90. doi: 10.17219/pim/143961.


Fucoidans represent the sulfated heteropolysaccharides that possess a wide range of important pharmacological properties. The properties of a fucoidan depend on several factors, including the molecular weight and the way of extraction. However, the selection of an optimal depolymerization method is necessary to enhance its therapeutic applications. Reducing the molecular weight of fucoidans will make it possible to use them in creating nanoparticles and nanocarriers for, among others, the targeted drug delivery. The molecular mass of the polymer can be changed by means of various methods of depolymerization. In this work, the possibility of application of ultrasonic destruction for decrease in the size of fucoidan molecules for the purpose of expansion of opportunities and spheres of their therapeutic application is considered. This is one of the simple and effective methods of depolymerization of fucoidan, which leads to a decrease in molecular weight without significant structural changes in macromolecules. In addition, methods and potential applications of the ultrasonic extraction of fucoidan from seaweed and the possibilities of their combination are discussed, as well as other physical or chemical methods of extraction.

Keywords: antioxidant activity; depolymerization; fucoidan; ultrasonic extraction; ultrasonic treatment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Molecular Weight
  • Nanoparticles*
  • Polysaccharides
  • Ultrasonics*


  • Polysaccharides
  • fucoidan