Processing and Analysis of Ascites

Methods Mol Biol. 2022:2424:95-104. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-1956-8_5.


The accumulation of peritoneal fluid, referred to as ascites, is common in ovarian cancer. This fluid is a complex mixture that may include cells as well as a diverse array of cytokines and growth factors. Here we describe a comprehensive method to process ascites to maximize data collection. The cellular fraction and fluid are first separated by centrifugation. The fluid can be frozen for later analysis of soluble factors or for use in in vitro experiments. The cellular fraction can be processed to analyze its composition or stored for future use.

Keywords: Aggregates; Ascites; Ovarian cancer.

MeSH terms

  • Ascites*
  • Ascitic Fluid
  • Cytokines
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Ovarian Neoplasms


  • Cytokines
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins