Rationale: Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) is a common neurogenetic disease that mainly manifests as ataxia of posture, gait, and limbs, cerebellar dysarthria, and cerebellar and supranuclear eye movement disorders. SCA has been found to include many subtypes, which are mainly mapped to 2 genetic patterns: autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia and autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia. Molecular genetic diagnosis functions as a necessity in its clinical diagnosis and treatment. In preliminary clinical work, we identified a family of SCA28 with rare gene mutation.
Patient concerns: There are 5 patients in this family. The proband is a 32 year-old male, he mainly manifest unsteady steps for more than 7 months. The daughter of his younger maternal uncle gradually had unsteady steps and unclear speech for 5 years. The proband's mother, uncle and grandfather had similar symptoms, but they all died.
Diagnosis: After Brain magnetic resonance imaging, whole exome sequencing and Sanger validation, the patients presented a c.1852A > G missense mutation in the exon region of AFG3L2 gene. The other family members revealed no AFG3L2 mutations. SCA28 is the one uniquely caused by a pathogenic variation in the mitochondrial protein AFG3L2. Combined with the clinical manifestations, auxiliary examinations and sequencing results of the patients (III-3 and III-5), the diagnosis of SCA28 was suspected.
Interventions: The patients did not receive any drug treatment and the proband receive rehabilitation treatment.
Outcomes: The symptoms of ataxia were still progressively aggravated.
Lessons: Molecular genetic diagnosis is necessary for ataxia. We here report the case and review the literature.
Copyright © 2021 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.