Pro-environmental behavior in Iran using a systematic review and meta-analysis

Heliyon. 2021 Nov 26;7(12):e08424. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e08424. eCollection 2021 Dec.


The problem of environmental pollution in today's world is not just a problem for the country or a specific territory. This research was conducted with the aim of investigating the environmental behavior of Iranian citizens. The present study was carried out using meta-analysis method on the performed studies (1998-2018) on pro-environmental behavior Papers related to the subject were gathered with the keywords for environmental behavior and environmental support behavior through searching on Magiran, SID, Scopus, Medline (PubMed) and Science-direct databases. Heterogeneity of studies was obtained using the I2 index, and data were analyzed in the comprehensive meta-analysis software. In 21 papers submitted to the meta-analysis process, 10 papers in the score range 20-100 (A) and 11 papers in the score range 1-5 (B), the total number of samples entered into the study was 3670 in the age range of 15-87 year scores (A), 4413 in the age range of 10-70 year scores (B). The overall mean and standard deviation of the environmental behavior (A) based on a meta-analysis of 50.4 ± 3.1 (44.56%-2.5%: 95% confidence limit) and in the score range 1-5 (B), 3.4 ± 0.18 (3.05%-5.7%, 95% confidence limit), were obtained. The effect of sample size and the publication issue of studies based on meta-regression in order to investigate the effect of heterogeneity in studies. The mean increases in each interval from 1 to 5, with an increase in sample size; in both intervals with an increase in the publication issue, the mean scores increase (P < 0.05). According to Mata-analysis results, the environmental behavior of Iranian citizens in both study intervals, is about average the global mean index of environmental performance.

Keywords: Environmental support behavior; Iran; Meta-analysis; Pro-environmental behavior; Systematic review.