This study evaluated the dynamics of the physiological responses of potentially probiotic fruit-derived Limosilactobacillus fermentum 139 and L. fermentum 263 in apple and orange juice during 28 days of refrigeration storage (4 °C) and when submitted to simulated gastrointestinal conditions. Physiological responses were measured with multiparametric flow cytometry using propidium iodide (PI), carboxyfluorescein diacetate (cFDA) and bis-1,3-dibutylbarbutiric acid (BOX). Viable counts were enumerated with plate count. L. fermentum strains had sizes of > 30% of cell subpopulations with non-permeabilized membrane and enzymatic activities (viable cells, PI-CFDA +) in apple and orange juices during storage and viable counts of > 6 log CFU ml-1. Sizes of cell subpopulations with permeabilized membrane without enzymatic activity (dead cells, PI + cFDA-) were low (< 15%) in apple and orange juices during storage. Sizes of cell subpopulations with non-permeabilized and depolarized membrane (PI-BOX +) were decreased (14%) on day 28 of storage. The sizes of permeabilized and depolarized membrane cell (PI + BOX-) subpopulations were variable among the examined strains in juices during storage. Both strains maintained high PI-cFDA + cell subpopulation sizes (> 35%) after exposure to ileum condition and viable counts of ≥ 5 log CFU/mL. PI-BOX + cell subpopulation sizes were low (< 13%) after exposure to ileum condition. L. fermentum 139 and L. fermentum 263 are capable of maintaining a high population of physiologically active and functional cells in apple and orange juice during 28 days of refrigeration storage and when exposed to gastrointestinal conditions.
Keywords: Flow cytometry; Fruit juice; Limosilactobacillus; Physiological state; Survival.
© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.